By Matthew Rusling
MIAMI Aviles Hurtado Colombia Jersey , the United States, Sept. 15 (Xinhua) -- As the sea levelrises, official in Miami and surrounding areas are trying toprevent the area from one day going underwater. But the question iswho will win in this man vs. nature battle.
Scientists said the sea level is rising and will likely continueto rise due to climate change, and that will impact low-lyingcoastal cities worldwide, from Bangkok to Mumbai, to right here inMiami.
Miami and surrounding areas have a major problem with flooding,and residents said it's getting worse. High tides -- sometimescalled king tides -- even on clear Andres Felipe Roa Colombia Jersey , sunny days, can causefloodwaters to seep upward to street level through Miami's drainagesystem. That's because the city and surrounding areas rest on a bedof limestone, which is porous and allows water to seep upward tostreet level.
The city of Miami Beach, an island connected by bridges tomainland Miami, is trying to do something about flooding, step bystep, in hopes of eventually bolstering the city against slowlyrising sea levels.
There have been some successes. During one flood a couple ofyears back that caused knee-high flooding in some Miami Beachstreets Andres Escobar Colombia Jersey , floodwaters were prevented from wreaking havoc in an areacalled Sunset Harbor. That's because a new design raised the streetand sidewalk by 2.5 feet (75 cm).
Other projects include 500 million U.S. dollars to put in 80pumps, and to raise seawalls and roads. But such changes arepricey, with each pump coming with a price tag of between twomillion and three million U.S. dollars.
Susanne Torriente, chief resiliency officer of Miami Beach, whoholds a special city government position meant to prepare the cityfor climate change, said Miami Beach is working with surroundingcities in a bid to forge cooperation tackling sea level rise. Theyshare resources, such as unified sea level rise projections andother such data that tell them how to plan.
The tourist mecca is seen as something of a pioneer for othermetro areas to emulate Abel Aguilar Colombia Jersey , in terms of tackling sea level rise.
"(We are) preparing for that stress or shock that is going tocome to an urban center eventually," she told Xinhua in aninterview, regarding the city's long term plan.
Torriente said the city is doing what she calls "incrementaladaptation," adding that the city strengthened its building codefor wind, and is discussing how to bolster the code for floodingand storm surge as well.
TOMORROW'S WORKFORCE NOT READY TO BUILD FOR SEA LEVEL RISE
Daniel Kreeger, executive director of the Association of ClimateChange Officers, however Custom Colombia Soccer Jersey , lamented that not enough is being done interms of building for sea level rise.
"We designed for the world of yesterday. We use the past toinform the future. Well, the past no longer informs the future," hetold Xinhua.
Some of the nation's top architecture programs, for example, arefar behind the curb in designing for sea level rise, he said.
Local southeast Florida universities are graduating architectswho are not trained to build for sea level rise, he noted. He addedthat the state's department of education is not forward lookingenough to foresee the challenges that climate change and sea levelrise will pose for tomorrow's workforce.
"So if you design a building Colombia Soccer Jersey , you should be accounting for whatthat building will experience in its life, as part of the design.But we're not training people to do that, and employers don'trequire it. We don't have a workforce that has that skill set,"Kreeger said, noting the risk of flooding.
"We're going to have to have a workforce that is capable ofputting on what I call 'climate goggles,' being able to say 'thisis the world we're entering into, and my decisions need to accountfor this set of variables Yerry Mina Colombia Jersey ," he said.
CAN HUMANKIND ADAPT?
Not only Miami, but also cities worldwide are seeing sea levelrise. The government of Thailand put out a report that predictedits capital, Bangkok, would be under water in 15 years. Low lyingnations such as Vietnam and Bangladesh are also at risk.
But some experts expressed optimism.
"I don't see it as gloom and doom ... The question is whether weemotionally don't want to give up Miami Beach and Mumbai andCalcutta and Tokyo as they presently exist, or whether we want toadapt. And as we know, adaptation is the secret to life," JohnEnglander Wilmar Barrios Colombia Jersey , a leading expert and author on rising sea levels, toldXinhua.
"It's important that we wake up ... and that we change andadapt," said Englander, author of High Tide On Main Street: RisingSea Level and the Coming Coastal Crisis. The book was named as oneof the top 50 books to read by Politico, a widely respected U.S.news website.
While scientists agreed that seas are rising due to climatechange, the issue was not on the agenda for the administration ofU.S. President Donald Trump.
Earlier this year, Trump announced that he had decided to pullthe United States out of the Paris Agreement William Tesillo Colombia Jersey , a landmark globalpact to fight climate change.
Under the current administration, localities may have to movewithout Washington, said Englander.
"Cities have to realize that for their own survival, for theirown economic viability, they can't wait for Washington D.C. to takeaction," he said. Enditem
A man views vintage comic books at the comic book convention in Vancouver, Canada Victor Ibarbo Borre Colombia Jersey , Sept. 10, 2017. Thousands of rare, limited and vintage comic books were showcased during the one-day comic book convention. (XinhuaLiang Sen)
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