WELLINGTON http://www.penguinsauthority.com/authentic-evgeni-malkin-penguins-jersey/ , March 9 (Xinhua) -- One of New Zealand's major technology and education powerhouses is consolidating its city links with China's eastern seaboard.
A high-level delegation from the city of Qingdao, in Shandong Province, will arrive in the South Island's second city of Dunedin on Tuesday to sign a formal Friendship City Agreement.
The six-person delegation led by Qingdao Vice Mayor Wang Guangzheng would include Municipal Bureau of Education Vice Director-General Li Min, said a statement from the Dunedin City Council on Monday.
Li would meet with officials from the Dunedin-based University of Otago and Otago Polytechnic with a view to establishing relationships with Qingdao University and China Ocean University.
Dunedin Mayor Dave Cull said in the statement that the agreement would further strengthen the growing relationship between the two cities.
The relationship had started to flourish following links made with Fisher & Paykel's new owner, the Haier Group, Cull said, referring to the Chinese whiteware giant's takeover of the iconic New Zealand appliance maker in 2012.
"We are now looking at collaboration in the education, tourism and business sectors. The Friendship City Agreement is an important step in further developing the relationship," he said.
In August last year, Dunedin and Shanghai celebrated the 20th anniversary of their sister city relationship, which Dunedin officials have credited with giving their city a much-needed economic boost.
If you re currently involved in the construction process, for example having a home custom built, it may be difficult for you to tell the difference between a surveyor and an engineer. Both visit the site frequently to examine the work as it progresses. A surveyor and an engineer will often be found working on the same project; these two professions have complimentary skills, but vastly different jobs, though the differences can be difficult to ascertain if you re not a trained professional.
An engineer may be trained in a variety of different types of construction, from aeronautical to architectural, and from mechanical to structural to electrical. Each type of engineer typically works on a particular type of construction project, or is involved in a particular step of the project. No matter what type of construction project it is, the engineer will nearly always need to interact with a surveyor.
A surveyor provides site information to both engineers and architects, allowing them to take site specific details into account when making their plans. For example, the engineer determines how much weight a bridge can hold, while the surveyor provides input on precisely where the bridge footings should be located on the land. The surveyor is nearly always called upon to survey the site before any construction or planning begins. The survey undertaken by the land surveyor provides basis to advise the engineers on the optimum location for the structure. The engineer s drawings must take into account the actual lie on the land; the engineer cannot simply assume that the land in question is perfectly flat and devoid of obstructions.
The land surveyor s responsibilities are many, particularly when it comes to dealing with engineering. Surveyors are often involved during the blueprint drawing phase of the project, providing GPS coordinates and other data for inclusion in the plans. This data will then be referred to by the construction crews.
Throughout the entire construction process, surveyors ensure that the engineering plan is being followed, often down to mere millimeters of deviance away from the plans drawn by the engineer, checking to make sure that the engineer s structural plan is properly aligned in the correct location when it is actually constructed on the land. Often known as as built or construction surveys, this survey checks the location of every part of the structure against the engineer s plans.
On the construction site itself, rarely will the survey be conducted by a single person. Even with today s technology, engineering projects usually require a team of surveyors to generate all of the distances and angles that need to be measured at a given site. This is particularly true as the project is being constructed, resulting in many more possible measurements than the site as vacant land. Wherever you find construction or an engineering project, you will invariably find one or a team of surveyors. Depending on the specific activities being undertaken at the site, the surveyors may be conducting a property survey, a construction survey, an as built survey, a topographic survey, or any number of other survey types, though you can bet that at least one type of survey is involved in every project.
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